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Delhi Agreement Of 1952

Although the agreement called for the repatriation of Russian-speaking biharis to Bangladesh, the Pakistani government withdrew its promise to relocate the Community to Pakistan. [6] This led to the stateless Pakistani community stranded in Bangladesh. The treaty came into force on August 8, 1973 and expired on July 1, 1974. Under the agreement, UNHCR oversaw the repatriation of citizens from Bangladesh and Pakistan. According to the UN, 121,695 Bengalis have been transferred from Pakistan to Bangladesh. Among them are senior Bengal officials and the military. 108,744 civilians and non-Bengali officials were transferred from Bangladesh to Pakistan. [4] India released 6,500 Pakistani PoWs, most of whom were transported by train to Pakistan. In 1974, General Niazi was the last Pakistani officer to be symbolically returned by the Wagah border. [4] Among the PoW, 195 Pakistani military officers detained in India have been identified as the main suspects in war crimes. Pakistan insisted that they be released as one of its main demands.

She urged several Muslim countries to refuse recognition of Bangladesh until the release of the 195 officers. [7] India preferred their repatriation to Pakistan. In the text of the agreement, Bangladeshi Foreign Minister Kamal Hossain stated that the Delhi Agreement was a trilateral agreement signed on 28 August 1973 between India, Pakistan and Bangladesh; and only ratified by India and Pakistan. [1] It allowed the repatriation of prisoners of war and interned officials held in the three countries after Bangladesh`s war of liberation in 1971. The agreement was criticized because Pakistan did not repatriate Urdu spokesmen to Bangladesh and failed to bring to justice 195 high-ranking military personnel accused of being admitted to the war. [2] In 1953, Pandit dismissed Sheikh Abdullah and sent him to prison,… by M J Aslam Many was written on August 9, 1953, the abduction of… Repatriation was an important step at the height of the reconciliation between Bangladesh and Pakistan. The two countries began diplomatic relations in 1974.

In Bangladesh, many repatriated officials have been reported. Judge Abdus Sattar, Bangladesh`s 9th President, was a remarkable example. Many repatriated military personnel served in the leadership of Bangladesh`s armed forces, including Rear Admiral Mahbub Ali Khan and Lieutenant-General Muhammad Mahbubur Rahman. Pakistan`s refusal to return the stateless spokesmen of Urdu to Bangladesh remains a difficult point in relations between Bangladesh and Pakistan. The excesses and multiple crimes committed by these prisoners of war constituted war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide, in accordance with the relevant provisions of UN General Assembly resolutions and international law, and there was a general consensus that persons accused of crimes such as 195 Pakistani prisoners of war should be brought to justice and subjected to ordinary judicial proceedings. [5] President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto has threatened to bring bengali officials to justice if Bangladesh continues to charge suspected Pakistani war criminals. During the Bangladesh War in 1971, thousands of Bengali bureaucrats and military personnel and their families were interned by the Pakistani government in western Pakistan.