The NRDC is working to make the Global Climate Climate Action Summit a success by inspiring more ambitious commitments to the historic 2015 agreement and enhanced pollution reduction initiatives. When a country completes its necessary internal procedures, it can file its “ratification, acceptance or approval” in which it gives its consent to obtain the agreement. It is a formal document indicating that it has completed all necessary processes and is now in a position to accede to the agreement as a contracting party. Acts of “adoption” or “approval” of an agreement have the same legal effect as ratification and, therefore, express a country`s agreement to be bound by an agreement. On the basis of their national constitutions, some countries accept or approve an agreement instead of ratifying it. The suspension of the first meeting would mean that the first meeting could last more than a year or, if necessary, several years before the work is completed in accordance with the timetable agreed by the parties to COP21. Under the UNFCCC, there is already a precedent for such procedures. The most notable was COP6, which was suspended in 2000 because the contracting parties were unable to reach agreement on key issues; in this case, the November COP in The Hague was suspended and resumed in Bonn in July 2001 (cop 6 bis). There is also a recent precedent within the ADP, which held only two meetings, each consisting of several parties over five years; the second meeting finally ended at COP21. The Paris Agreement was launched at the signing on April 22, 2016 (Earth Day) at a ceremony in New York.
 After the agreement was ratified by several EU member states in October 2016, there were enough countries that had ratified the agreement to produce enough greenhouse gases in the world for the agreement to enter into force.  The agreement came into force on November 4, 2016.  Representatives of the Presidency of the Council and the European Commission have tabled the official ratification documents with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, which is retained. It is rare that there is a consensus among almost all nations on a single subject. But with the Paris agreement, world leaders agreed that climate change was driven by human behaviour, that it was a threat to the environment and to humanity as a whole, and that global action was needed to stop it. In addition, a clear framework has been put in place for all countries to make commitments to reduce emissions and strengthen these measures over time. Here are some important reasons why the agreement is so important: although the agreement has been welcomed by many, including French President Francois Hollande and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, criticism has also emerged. James Hansen, a former NASA scientist and climate change expert, expressed anger that most of the agreement is made up of “promises” or goals, not firm commitments.
 He called the Paris talks a fraud with “nothing, only promises” and believed that only a generalized tax on CO2 emissions, which is not part of the Paris agreement, would force CO2 emissions down fast enough to avoid the worst effects of global warming.  In the end, all parties recognized the need to “prevent, minimize and address losses and damages,” but in particular any mention of compensation or liability is excluded.  The Convention also takes up the Warsaw International Loss and Damage Mechanism, an institution that will attempt to answer questions about how to classify, address and co-responsible losses.  Dutch Environment Minister and Council President Sharon Dijksma and European Commission Vice-President Maroé Efsovic sign the agreement on behalf of the EU at a high-level ceremony in New York, USA.